1 “strict constructionism, n. (1892) 1. The doctrinal view of judicial construction holding that judges should interpret a document or statute (esp. one involving penal sanctions) according to its literal terms, without looking to other sources to ascertain the meaning.” Black’s Law Dictionary (10th ed. 2014).
2 “noninterpretivism, n. (1978) The doctrine that the meaning of a legal instrument adopted in the past is subject to historical development and must be ascertained at any given time by recourse to insights and values then and there prevailing; esp., the doctrinal view that constitutional adjudication should not be confined to the text and that courts are justified in resorting instead to modern moral and political ideals that represent the judges’ views of sound public policy.” Black’s Law Dictionary (10th ed. 2014).
3 Transcript: Day One of the Roberts Hearings, Wash. Post, Sept. 13, 2005, available at
4 Planned Parenthood of Se. Pa. v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833, 851 (1992). Please note: this question does not ask whether you agree with the outcome or holding of the Casey decision.
5 Calder v. Bull, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 386, 399 (1798) (Iredell, J., concurring). Please note: this question does not ask whether you agree with the outcome or holding of the Calder decision.